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McLaren F1 Anniversary - Web Exclusive

McLaren Automotive celebrated the 20th Anniversary of the start of the F1 program.

May 26, 2010

MCLAREN CELEBRATES 20TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE MCLAREN F1

Eurp_1005_02_o+mclaren_f1_anniversary+lambo_doors Photo 2/7   |   McLaren F1 Anniversary - Web Exclusive

Despite being 20 years old, the McLaren F1 is still the fastest normally aspirated production road car in the world. The McLaren F1 GTR secured McLaren's position as the only car manufacturer to win the Formula 1 World Championship, Indianapolis 500 and Le Mans 24 Hours. The McLaren F1 was also first production road car to use a full carbon fiber monocoque.

In 1988, McLaren took the decision to expand from Formula One racing and design and build "the finest sports car the world had ever seen". In March 1990 the team came together for the first time. In its 20th anniversary year, the McLaren F1 is still considered one of the greatest cars of all time. Its exclusivity, technical innovation, racing provenance, revolutionary packaging and extraordinary driving experience have made it an icon.

Just two years later, the McLaren F1 road car was launched to the world on 28th May 1992 in Monaco, with the first production car delivered to its proud owner in December 1993.

McLaren is a carbon pioneer. The McLaren Formula 1 team was the first team in Formula 1 to use a carbon fiber chassis in 1981. Nine years on, these Formula 1 techniques were developed to create the carbon monocoque for the McLaren F1: the resulting structure weighed just 220 lb while offering the highest levels of strength and safety. The bare carbon fiber passenger doors weighed just 14 lb each (including the weight of the side intrusion beam).

The F1 bristles with innovative design. The central driving position, which ensured superb visibility and no compromise on control positions for the driver; the pannier side lockers providing unprecedented levels of luggage capacity in a car of this type; the patented suspension system to provide both control and ride quality.

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The F1 was launched at a price of ?540,000 in 1994, and over the course of the next four years 64 F1, five F1 LM and three F1 GT road cars were produced, together with 28 F1 GTR race cars. An additional six prototypes were produced.

In October 2008, a delivery mileage F1 was sold at auction for ?2.53 million, underlining the F1's status as one of the great motoring icons. In 1994, after pressure from owners, McLaren developed a racing version of the F1 road car to run in the FIA GT1 category in the 1995 season. Despite a design and development period of just 3 months, the F1 GTR swept all before it, winning not only the 1995 GT1 Championship, but also the 24 Heures du Mans on its debut. McLaren not only won, but dominated the rain-soaked endurance race, finishing in 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 13th places.

The Le Mans winning F1 GTR was piloted by JJ Lehto, Yannick Dalmas and Masanori Sekiya. Lehto's performance through the night on a treacherous circuit has been hailed as one of the great racing performances of all time, taking up to 10 seconds a lap off the cars in front of him. The winning car is proudly displayed at the McLaren Technology Centre in exactly the condition that it finished Le Mans in 1995.

Thus the F1 GTR secured a unique position for McLaren in motor racing history, as the only manufacturer to win the Formula 1 World Championship, the Indianapolis 500 and the Le Mans 24 Hours.

McLaren decided to celebrate the extraordinary result at Le Mans by creating five F1 LM road cars, one for each F1 that finished this most grueling of races. Launched in McLaren Orange, as used on Bruce McLaren's race cars the 1960s and 70s, and with a de-restricted race engine, the LM is not only the most powerful of all F1 variants, but also the most valuable.

In 1997, the final iteration of the F1 road car project was built. The F1 GT was built solely to fulfil the new homologation rules for the 1997 GTR racecar, of which ten examples were produced in the same year.

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Both the GT road car and the 1997 GTR racecars became known as the 'Longtail', because of the longer front and rear overhangs for improved downforce when racing. Although McLaren only had to build one car for homologation purposes, two more were built following requests from existing F1 owners.

In 1998, with a total of 106 of all variants built and its production run complete, the McLaren F1 went on to achieve its greatest feat outside competitive motorsport. McLaren development and race driver Andy Wallace took XP5, the fifth and final prototype F1 with some 45,000 hard test miles on the clock, to the Ehra-Lessien proving ground in Germany. It was here on 31 March 1998 that its V12 propelled him to an amazing 240.1mph. Over 12 years later, this remains a world record for a naturally aspirated production car.

On 27th April 2010, McLaren Automotive celebrated the 20th Anniversary of the start of the F1 program by inviting F1 owners past and present to a celebration dinner at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, England. The following day, after an insight into McLaren Automotive's exciting plans for a future range of high performance sports cars, the owners were treated to a display of 21 McLaren F1 road and race cars, the largest number of F1s ever assembled in one place.

With the launch of McLaren Automotive as a new car company announced in March 2010, the company begins production planning for an entire range of high performance sports, designed and built in-house by McLaren. The first in this range will be the MP4-12C.

The 12C shares much of the design philosophy that was applied to the McLaren F1. Starting with the new car's MonoCell, a one-piece carbon fiber chassis that is stiff, light and ensures occupant safety, every component has been designed to ensure the car is lightweight, nimble and able to deliver ultimate performance. When the 12C launches in 2011, it will be the first in the 'core' sports car sector to offer a carbon chassis, and the first road car ever with a one-piece, molded carbon chassis.

From the outset, the 12C has been 'designed around the driver'. Outstanding aerodynamic efficiency and bespoke technologies including Proactive Chassis Control, Seamless Shift dual-clutch Gearbox (SSG), Brake Steer and the 12C's unique Airbrake feature in a car which has been developed using Formula 1 simulator technology. McLaren's celebration of the 20th anniversary of the F1 will continue throughout the year. McLaren enthusiasts will have the opportunity to see both the F1 and 12C together at this summer's Goodwood Festival of Speed, which takes place from 2-4 July 2010.

Technical specifications of each McLaren F1 derivative are detailed below.

ModelF1 RoadcarF1 GTR RacecarF1 LM Roadcar
Year of production1993-9819951996
Examples built6495
Engine BMW V12 BMW V12BMW V12
Engine ManagementTAG 3.12 Ignition/InjectionTAG 3.12 Ignition/InjectionTAG 3.12 Ignition/Injection
Power output (bhp)627600680
TransmissionTransverse 6-speed Limited Slip DifferentialAluminium case transverse 6-speed, LSDTransverse 6-speed Racing Unit, LSD
ChassisCarbon fibre reinforced composite monocoqueCarbon fibre reinforced composite monocoqueCarbon fibre reinforced composite monocoque
BodyCarbon fibre composite panelsCarbon fibre composite panelsCarbon fibre composite panels
Front SuspensionDouble wishbones, Ground Plane Sheer centre sub-frame light Double wishbones, light alloy damper/co-axial coil spring,Double wishbones, light alloy damper/co-axial coil spring,
alloy damper/co-axial coil spring, anti-roll baranti-roll baranti-roll bar
Rear suspensionDouble wishbones, Inclined Axis Sheer mounting, light alloy Double wishbones, light alloy damper/coaxle coil springDouble wishbones, light alloy damper/coaxle coil spring
damper/coaxle coil spring, toe-in/toe-out control links
Brakes F/ROutboard 13/12in ventilated discsOutboard 15/14in ventilated carbon discsOutboard 13/12in ventilated discs
Wheels: Diameter x Width F/R17x9/17x11.5in18x10.85/18x13in18x10.85/18x13in
Tyres F/RGoodyear F1, Michelin SX-MXX3MichelinMichelin SX-MXX3
Length169in/4292mm169in/4292mm171.8in/4365mm
Width71.6in/1820mm71.6in/1820mm71.6in/1820mm
Height44.8in/1140mm44.8in/1140mm44.1in/1120mm
Wheelbase107in/2718mm107in/2718mm107in/2718mm
Track F/R61.7/58in / 1568/1472mm61.3/58.6in / 1558/1488mm61.8/57.6in / 1570/1464mm

ModelF1 GTR RacecarF1 GT RoadcarF1 GTR Racecar
Year of production199619971997
Examples built9310
EngineBMW V12BMW V12BMW V12
Cubic Capacity6064 cc6064cc5990cc
Engine ManagementTAG 3.12 Ignition/InjectionTAG 3.12 Ignition/InjectionTAG 3.12 Ignition/Injection
Power output (bhp)600627600
Transmission Magnesium case transverse 6-speed Limited Slip DifferentialTransverse 6-speed, Limited Slip DifferentialMagnesium case transverse 6-speed
ChassisCarbon fibre reinforced composite monocoqueCarbon fibre reinforced composite monocoqueCarbon fibre reinforced composite monocoque
BodyCarbon fibre composite panelsCarbon fibre composite panelsCarbon fibre composite panels
Front SuspensionDouble wishbones, light alloy damper/coaxle coil spring,Double wishbones, Ground Plane Sheer centre sub-frame light Double wishbones, light alloy damper/co-axial coil spring,
anti-roll baralloy damper/co-axial coil spring, anti-roll baranti-roll bar
Rear suspensionDouble wishbones, light alloy damper/co-axial coil springDouble wishbones, Inclined Axis Sheer mounting, light alloy Double wishbones, light alloy damper/co-axial coil spring
damper/co-axial coil spring, toe-in/toe-out control links
Brakes F/ROutboard 15/14in ventilated carbon discsOutboard 13/12in ventilated discsOutboard 15/14in ventilated carbon discs
Wheels: Diameter x Width F/R18x10.85/18x13in18x10.85/18x13in18x10.85/18x13in
Tyres F/RMichelinMichelinMichelin
Length172in/4367mm194in/4928mm194.2in/4933mm
Width74.8in/1900mm76.4in/1940mm75.6in/1920mm
Height42.9in/1090mm47.2in/1200mm47.2in/1200mm
Wheelbase107in/2718mm107in/2718mm107.2in/2723mm
Track F/R61.3/58.6in / 1558/1488mm63.3/62.3in / 1620/1582mm63.7/62.3in / 1617/1582mm
Weight2231lb/1012kg2469lb/1120kg2017lb/915kg

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