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Fully Energized - Project Nissan 240SX Part III

Addressing Suspension Issues

Staff Report
Sep 5, 2006
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0610turp_01z+nissan_240sx+side_view Photo 1/14   |   Fully Energized - Project Nissan 240SX Part III

In last month's installment we were able to pump up the KA24DE engine using an AEM intake, a DC Sports race header and an AEM EMS system. Although some might say the power output might be a far cry from the more potent SR20DET, the KA is more than capable of propelling the Nissan up to speed. From our research on the KA engine, however, we were surprised to find a number of owners keeping the so-called "truck" engine rather than performing the swap. Additionally, because the SR20DET conversion has been done a thousand times over we wanted to see the true potential of the KA. Our eventual goal is to fully build the engine with stronger rods and pistons, and to port and polish the cylinder head. We hope to have a sheet metal intake manifold made and also have a custom tubular turbo manifold fabricated for the 240SX. But that's down the road. For now we need to address a more important issue hindering the true performance of the Nissan: the suspension.

0610turp_10z+nissan_240sx+wheel_view Photo 2/14   |   Fully Energized - Project Nissan 240SX Part III

In its current state, our 240SX handles like an all-wheel-steering car without having any control of the direction of the rear two wheels. Even at freeway speeds, the car feels like it will lose control at any second when going around a slow sweeping turn. In all honesty, we should have addressed this issue before pumping up the power of the vehicle - but the horsepower bug got the better of us, and we were waiting for the Peak Performance rear suspension arms to come in.

First on the agenda was to replace the tired rubber bushings on the 240SX with stronger and stiffer polyurethane bushings from Energy Suspension. Any vehicle that has gone beyond its tenth birthday should strongly consider upgrading the rubber bushings with new polyurethane pieces, or, at the very least, new rubber bushings. If you enjoy taking your vehicle on a "spirited drive" on occasion, polyurethane is the only way to go. Keep in mind that the Energy Suspension polyurethane bushings are much cheaper than the factory rubber pieces. And, with over 25 years in the polyurethane formulation business, and nine U.S. patents to their name, the company has done its homework. For vehicles that see occasional track time, the Energy Suspension products are a no-brainer - as rubber bushings are too soft for ultra sticky R-compound tires and have too much flex for the suspension to work properly. Polyurethane bushings are much stiffer, allowing the suspension to function properly under hard driving conditions.

Installing the polyurethane bushings should be left to the professionals, but if you plan on performing the swap yourself you better have at least a 20-ton press to push out the stock bushings. We were fortunate to have Energy Suspension engineers Bill and Jeff help us out and replace the tired stock bushings with polyurethane. The hardest part of the install was removing the rear lower arm bushings from the arm. This required using a chisel to bend the bushing end before being able to push the bushing out on the press. We recommend giving a professional a call to before attempting this on your own, because it was a pain in the rear. The biggest culprit to the sluggish steering was the rack and pinion bushings that were nearly nonexistent. One of the bushings was half torn off and the other had deteriorated into a rubber sponge from a previously leaking oil pan.

Now the 240SX actually responds to the steering wheel, unlike before when there was a short delay. This was probably from the rack and pinion actually moving before turning the wheels. Although the we opted for the complete Hyper-Flex kit that replaces nearly every single bushing, we didn't replace bushings in the rear upper toe arm, traction bar or upper camber arm, because we replaced them with Peak Performance multi-link suspension arms that have spherical rod ends. After the bushings installation we went for a test drive, and we must say that the Energy Suspension pieces provided a huge difference in the handling of the 240SX. Granted, the factory bushings were shot; but the car handles much better than before. We were worried that the polyurethane bushings were going to be too stiff for bumpy roads, but we didn't notice any stiffer of a ride.

For round two we needed to address the knocking between shifts. (I told you the Nissan's suspension was shot.) The knocking sound was the rear subframe hitting against the frame of the 240SX, a fairly common problem with S13 and S14 240SXs. To fix our knock subframe issue, we did our research and found Peak Performance subframe urethane bushings. The urethane bushings do not replace the factory bushings, but are inserts to remove any possible play in the subframe. There are also aluminum subframe bushings on the market, but, unless you plan on drifting the car regularly, we recommend sticking with urethane. A total of eight bushings come in the Peak Performance kit (four uppers and four lowers). The upper urethane bushings are split, so it does not require dropping the entire rear subframe to install them. We found the best way to install the bushing is to work one side at a time. The swap can be performed on the floor using a jack stand and a floor jack, but a lift would make it much easier. We spent about 20 minutes replacing the bushings using simple hand tools.

While the vehicle was still on the lift, we opted to swap out the factory rear multi-link suspension arms with Peak Performance multi-link components. Any serious drifter or road racer should strongly consider replacing the factory arms with adjustable multi-link suspension like Peak Performance. By replacing the factory arms with the Peak pieces you can fine-tune the suspension camber, caster and toe settings for ideal traction. Using spherical rod ends eliminates the factory rubber bushing and reduces unwanted suspension play. The Peak Performance multi-links are extremely high-quality pieces constructed from billet T-6061 aluminum, and are deburred and tumbled for added strength and quality. The aluminum pieces are then military-spec anodized for durability and longevity. The Peak Performance multi-link also uses the highest quality three-piece Aurora metric rod ends for increased durability. Each Aurora rod end has a special Teflon coating for smooth engagement and tight clearances, and, more importantly, creates less noise over time.

Installing the Peak Performance multi-link is a straightforward "remove and install" process. Having the vehicle aligned immediately after installing the suspension components is a must. We recommend adjusting the length of the arms to the factory setting prior to installing them in place. Just eyeball the length of the Peak Performance arms versus the corresponding factory piece and then install them. This way the vehicle will be much safer to drive to the alignment shop. While driving to get the alignment, we were worried that the spherical rod ends would be noisy on the street. Surprisingly we didn't even hear one noise from the links. It must have been the Teflon coated Aurora rod ends doing their job.

0610turp_15z+nissan_240sx+sway_bar Photo 12/14   |   The Whiteline front and rear sway bars made a dramatic difference in how well the Nissan handles around hard corners. There is practically no hint of body roll.

For our project 240SX we also wanted to address the vehicle's sway bar. The main objective of the sway bar (anti-roll bar) is to reduce the sway or body roll when the vehicle goes around a corner. The less sway motion a vehicle exhibits, the more evenly the cornering loads are distributed to all four wheels, allowing the tires to maintain grip with the road. With lesser roll the suspension system can perform more effectively, thus delivering more grip and steering response. Our main concern was to find a reputable company that offers an adjustable front and rear sway bar. Surprisingly, there aren't many suspension companies that offer adjustable sway bars for the S14. We did locate a set, however, from Whiteline Automotive that was fully adjustable with three adjustment holes in the front and two in the rear. There's really no such thing as one-size-fits-all sway bars. Your choice of sway bar is dependent upon the type of suspension the vehicle will be using: springs, shocks, alignment settings, tire compound, etc. Whiteline recognizes this need and offers two different front bars and six different rear bars for the S14. We opted to use the company's 27 mm heavy-duty adjustable front bar (PN BNF20Z) and the 24 mm heavy-duty adjustable rear bar (PN BNR11XXZ) with the spherical bearing sway bar link kit (PN KLC007). The bars come with all the necessary hardware, and can be installed in the same factory location. To fine-tune the body roll, we plan to test different settings at the track.

0610turp_18z+nissan_240sx+camber_plate Photo 13/14   |   Fully Energized - Project Nissan 240SX Part III

Last on our suspension makeover was replacing the extremely worn and blown factory shocks with a fully adjustable coilover setup from A'PEXi. They offer four different coilover setups for the S14 - from the basic N1 ExV to the full race N1 Evolution Circuit. Not wanting to blow our entire budget on the coilover system, we opted for the budget ExV line. The fully adjustable coilover setup with upper pillow-ball mounts retail for $1590. The ExV incorporates a threaded base for precision height adjustment without sacrificing shock and spring travel. The threaded base is also a must when you corner balance the vehicle. Featuring a fully adjustable 32-way ride-quality adjustment, the shock can be fine-tuned for both street and track. The precision pillow-ball mount with a built-in camber adjustment plate further distinguishes the ExV as a high-quality system. The N1 ExV also features short stroke-shocks, allowing for more suspension travel compared to the factory shocks with lowering springs. Installing the A'PEXi shocks was also a straightforward affair of simply removing the factory shocks and installing the A'PEXi units. After installing the unit, we adjusted the camber on the front to ensure proper tread contact with the road under hard cornering. Our next stop was Design Craft Fabrications of Lake Forest, California, to perform proper corner balancing on the Nissan.

0610turp_19z+nissan_240sx+tire_view Photo 14/14   |   Fully Energized - Project Nissan 240SX Part III

Once the corner balancing was performed we took it to an open area to test how well the new suspension really performs. If you had to compare apples to apples, the new set up is like biting into a crisp Washington apple, while the old set up is a rotten apple that the birds wouldn't even eat. The fear of losing control on a slow sweeping turn is completely gone, and the feedback from the suspension is phenomenal. Hopefully you know by now that Turbo doesn't go around handing out positive product reviews like candy. We're very selective about which products we recommend. So if we sound excited about the suspension upgrades it's because we were quite surprised by what an improvement they made.

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Sources

Energy Suspension
San Clemente, 92673
888-913-6374
http://www.energysuspension.com
Stillen
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
800-891-1058
http://www.stillen.com
PIAA
Portland, OR 97230
800-525-7422
http://www.piaa.com
A'PEXi
Orange, CA 92868
714-685-5700
http://www.apexi-usa.com
Whiteline Automotive
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730
909-476-2860
www.whiteline.com.au
Peak Performance
Lake Forest, CA 92630
949-340-3537
http://www.peak-performance.net
Design Craft Fabrications
http://www.designcraftfab.com
Blitz Performance
www.blitz-performance.com
By Staff Report
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